Differences Between The 4 Types Of Blockchains

It’s no secret that blockchain technology is becoming more and more popular each day. With so many different types of blockchains out there, it’s important to know the different types and how they work.

There are a few different types of blockchains, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The most common types are public and private blockchains. Public blockchains, like Bitcoin, are open and anyone can join.

Private blockchains, like Ethereum, are permissioned and only allow invited participants. There are also hybrid blockchains, like EOS, which are a combination of public and private.

There are four types of blockchains: public, private, hybrid, and consortium. Public blockchains are open to anyone and are decentralized.

Private blockchains are permissioned and centralized. Hybrid blockchains are a combination of public and private blockchains. Consortium blockchains are permissioned and decentralized. Let’s unpack this.

In this blog post, we’ll be discussing the different types of blockchains and how they work.

Public Blockchain

A public blockchain is a decentralized ledger in which anyone can participate. Anyone with an Internet connection and a stable connection can log in to the blockchain and benefit from its features. Private businesses, on the other hand, should stay away from public blockchains.

a bitcoin

They may not be as secure as public ones. Public blockchains are best for nonprofit and social support organizations, which are committed to being transparent.

The public blockchain is completely decentralized and permissionless. Anyone with an Internet connection can sign on and edit the records. It is entirely decentralized, which means that every node in the network is equally capable of verifying the integrity of a transaction.

The main difference between public and private blockchains is who has access to the blockchain.

A public network is usually the first choice for enterprises. Because it is decentralized, there is no central party to control or censor the ledger. As a result, all transactions are completely transparent.

Every node on the network receives a copy of the ledger, which is updated as transactions are executed on the network. The public network is also censorship-resistant.

Pros Of Public Blockchain

There are numerous benefits to using a public blockchain for your cryptocurrency transactions. These benefits include the anonymity of the users and the ability to use it without giving out personal information.

Additionally, this type of blockchain is cheaper to maintain because it does not require a centralized entity to store the data. Instead, the data is held on nodes that are scattered throughout the network.

Consequently, there is no single point of failure or the centralized server that can be attacked.

Another benefit of using a public blockchain is that the system is open to anyone who is connected to the internet. This means that anyone can log on and use it, regardless of their personal details or location.

In addition, this type of blockchain also eliminates grey areas and corruption within the network. This makes it ideal for consumer platforms.

There are some downsides to using a public blockchain, however. One of the major cons is that it is not regulated. This means that if a company has strict criteria, it may not be a good idea to use this type of blockchain.

Another drawback is that it is difficult to regulate a private blockchain. Furthermore, it’s difficult to find consensus, which is essential for secure and efficient transactions.

Cons Of Public Blockchain

While many businesses are attempting to understand the potential of blockchain technology, it can be difficult to decide whether to use a public or private blockchain. Both are valuable in their own right and can help companies improve security and eliminate inefficiencies.

In some instances, private blockchains may be preferable, such as for onboarding and recruiting processes. In other cases, public blockchains may be better suited for compensating employees. Ultimately, the decision depends on the needs of the organization.

One of the biggest benefits of a public blockchain is its transparency. This transparency helps foster trust and security. However, public blockchains suffer from certain limitations, particularly scalability.

These limits mean that public blockchains are better suited for projects that serve a larger community. For instance, a healthcare provider might decide to use a public blockchain to store patient records.

Similarly, a supply chain company might use a public blockchain to store records of its suppliers and manufacturers.

In addition, because public blockchains are public, anyone anywhere in the world can access them for instant global transactions.

Another drawback of a public blockchain is that it cannot compete with traditional systems. As more transactions clog the network, the speed slows down.

However, this can be overcome by introducing a solution like the Bitcoin Lightning Network. Energy consumption has also been a concern. Because bitcoin’s algorithm relies on Proof-of-Work, public blockchains tend to use a lot of electricity.

Examples Of Public Blockchains

Examples Of public blockchains include Bitcoin and Ethereum. They use global smart contracts that work across the network. These contracts automatically execute transactions when certain conditions are met.

This makes public blockchains a very secure, decentralized system. This makes them great for use in a range of applications, including finance. For example, Ethereum allows users to transact with other users of the network without the need for third-party verification.

Public blockchains are decentralized networks where anyone can participate. All members of the network gain equal rights for creating and validating data blocks. Initially, public blockchains were used in cryptocurrency exchange and mining.

Ethereum is one of the first public blockchains, while Bitcoin is the most popular one. However, not all blockchains are created equal.

Bitcoin is one of the best examples of a public blockchain. This type of network allows anyone to participate, irrespective of their skill or experience. Any computer with an internet connection can become a “miner” and validate data blocks.

The number of miners is critical to Bitcoin’s success. Miners receive a certain amount of bitcoin for each computation, which motivates them to participate. Public blockchains are also highly secure and transparent.

Private Blockchain

Private Blockchain is a type of decentralized technology that has several advantages over a public one. This type of blockchain is more secure because only the system administrators and a limited set of participants can see the transactions.

This also prevents malicious actors from accessing the network. Additionally, private blockchains suffer less from downtime and maintain maximum uptime. They are also easier to integrate with compliance requirements because they have only one central authority.

Private blockchains are designed for enterprises. They are designed to meet specific requirements, such as securing and validating sensitive information.

However, they do pose some security risks. While blockchain technology is highly recognized as secure and reliable, there is a risk of hackers interfering with the private network.

an Ethereum Coin

This is a common concern when implementing a private blockchain. Because of these risks, some companies choose to avoid private blockchains.

A private blockchain’s integrity depends on the integrity of its participants. The participants are supposed to check and validate transactions to ensure the accuracy of the data.

Without the participation of these participants, it is much easier for hackers to manipulate the data or take over the network. In turn, this defeats the purpose of blockchain as a decentralized ledger.

Pros Of Private Blockchain

Private blockchains are useful for a number of industries that value privacy and security. Unlike open-source blockchains, private blockchains offer a private environment that is not subject to governmental or commercial control.

They also offer full audibility and are resistant to failure. However, these benefits do come at a cost.

Another major advantage of private blockchains is that they are more secure than public blockchains. They can process thousands of transactions per second and are much faster.

In addition to their fast transaction speeds, private blockchains have fewer nodes. This reduces the possibility of network malfunctions and ensures that transactions are secure and seamless.

Another major advantage of private blockchains is that they require less participation from users. This means that consensus is reached much faster.

This also means that more transactions can take place on the network. This is an important benefit for many organizations that rely on network sharing at an enterprise level.

Cons Of Private Blockchain

While private blockchains have many advantages, they also have some disadvantages. These include the lack of decentralization, lower transaction throughput, and increased risks of security threats.

Also, because they are hidden from the public, private blockchains are difficult to regulate. Additionally, a private blockchain requires trust between the people who manage it and the users. This requires that all transactions be validated and verified by authorized nodes.

Ultimately, private blockchains are best suited for situations where privacy and control of distributed information are vital. They add extra layers of encryption and limit who can see the transactions.

This increases the risks of hacks and data manipulation, but also provides greater efficiency and collaboration in many use cases. Despite the risks, a private blockchain can be a great solution for a specific use case.

Private blockchains are more secure than public blockchains. They require authentication from trusted third parties and can be filtered against malicious activity.

Furthermore, private blockchains can integrate with other chains and databases. They can also be audited by trusted third parties. Private blockchains can also be used as triple-entry accounting systems.

Examples Of Private Blockchains

A private blockchain is an implementation of blockchain technology that only allows certain users to make transactions on the system. This is a form of blockchain that is ideal for enterprises and government organizations.

The participants in private chains must know each other’s identities in order to transact on the network. As a result, private blockchains are considered to be centralized.

However, distributed nodes still maintain copies of the ledger. Examples of private blockchains include Hyperledger and Corda.

Some of the most popular examples of private blockchains include Hyperledger, which is an open-source project aimed at advancing cross-industry blockchain technologies.

Another example is Ripple, which is an open-source protocol that connects banks and payment providers to create a secure, streamlined method of sending money globally.

Private blockchains differ from public blockchains in several ways. While they are less secure, they allow more customization and scalability. While public blockchains are more transparent, they have less speed and energy usage.

Hybrid Blockchain

Hybrid Blockchain is a system that integrates blockchain technology with IoT and can be used for many different purposes. With this type of system, users have the ability to participate in all aspects of the operation, including adding and editing transactions.

Furthermore, they can be assured that their identity and privacy are protected.

As a result, hybrid blockchain has a number of benefits. For example, unlike public blockchain, hybrid blockchain offers greater flexibility when it comes to setting up the infrastructure of the ledger.

a Ripple Cryptocurrency Symbolic Coin - a type of hybrid blockchain

This allows users to adjust the level of transparency, security, and decentralization. These factors enable hybrid blockchain to be an excellent choice for businesses looking to automate processes and provide a higher level of dependability.

Hybrid blockchain solutions are more suitable for large corporations and governments who want to implement blockchain technology but maintain control over their data. As blockchain technology evolves, hybrid solutions are likely to take center stage.

Governments and organizations across the globe are increasingly converting to these solutions as they see their benefits in the future.

Pros Of Hybrid Blockchain

There are a number of advantages to using a hybrid blockchain for your business.

  • First of all, these blockchains don’t reveal the identity of the person who made a transaction.
  • Secondly, they are more secure than a public blockchain.
  • Finally, they can be used to automate a wide range of services for your company. These advantages make them ideal for businesses that need to protect sensitive corporate information.

Another reason to use a hybrid network is the increased security it offers. Blockchains are often attacked by hackers. One way to minimize the risk of attacks is to avoid double-spending.

It is highly resistant to 51% of attacks. Because the technology is not susceptible to such attacks, transaction fees are extremely low.

This means that you can pay less than $0.01 per transaction! This type of blockchain also offers high speeds and is easier to handle than a private blockchain.

A hybrid blockchain is an excellent choice if you’re trying to find the right balance between public and private blockchains.

Because it provides the best of both worlds, hybrid blockchains can provide greater security and speed to your business. Plus, it allows you to have more control over your plans and projects.

Cons Of Hybrid Blockchain

A hybrid blockchain is a blockchain that combines the advantages of both public and private blockchains. This is useful for certain applications, such as the healthcare industry. These networks can offer high-speed, verified transactions while maintaining the privacy of the information.

However, they are not perfect. The main drawback of hybrid networks is that they do not have incentives for network participation, so users may not be encouraged to participate.

One of the main advantages of a hybrid blockchain is that it allows a private user to access the network while keeping his identity private. This helps reduce the risk of double-spending and fraud.

It also offers low transaction costs because it only requires validation by a small number of nodes.

Another advantage of a hybrid blockchain is that it allows full participation in blockchain activities. Participants share equal rights to view and do transactions.

They also have the option to append and modify transactions. They can also choose to make the transactions public or private. However, these operations are still not transparent to other participants.

Examples Of Hybrid Blockchains

Hybrid blockchains are networks that combine the best features of public and private blockchains. They allow some transactions to be public and some to remain private, and they both offer high speed and low energy consumption.

However, one of the main disadvantages of hybrid networks is that they are not transparent and can’t build trust as easily as public ones. Examples of hybrid blockchains include the IBM Food Trust, Ripple, and LTO Network.

Some of these networks are permissioned, or private, and allow only authorized parties to participate. These networks can help businesses and organizations manage their workflow and strengthen their systems.

A popular example of a hybrid blockchain is the Ripple network, which uses the blockchain to manage payments between parties in the real estate industry. Hybrid networks are also ideal for generating events and making payments automatically, based on a set of rules.

Consortium Blockchain

There are several types of blockchains, and each one has different pros and cons. A public blockchain is open to the public, while a consortium network is controlled by a group of people or organizations.

The advantage of a consortium blockchain is its scalability and security, while the disadvantage is that it is less anonymous than a public blockchain.

Consortium Blockchain concept - one of the 4 types of blockchains

This type of blockchain is usually used by big organizations that work together to make the network more efficient. Examples include medical and research companies, as well as food tracking and distribution companies.

Blockchain technology is used in many different industries. For example, blockchain technology is being used in the healthcare industry to store data about drug production.

In addition, it is used to share data between smart meters and energy suppliers. This information can be reviewed by a competent authority, making the system more transparent.

Pros Of Consortium Blockchain

As compared to traditional blockchains, consortium blockchain offers a number of advantages. For one, it is less centralized, resulting in lower transaction fees.

Another benefit is greater privacy. No one can see a transaction unless it is verified by a member of the consortium. This feature also helps foster greater trust.

Moreover, consortium blockchain allows for the creation of a private network of supply chain participants. This network can be used to track products and identify new ways to supply them.

It is especially helpful for healthcare and insurance companies, which store massive amounts of data. Using consortiums, these companies can exchange information and money more efficiently. They can also benefit from lower costs.

Another advantage is that the blockchain system is flexible. Only authorized parties can see it, but if the validators reach a consensus, a change can be rolled out instantly.

While the privacy and cost advantages of a consortium are attractive, it is possible that the system can be vulnerable to corruption and nefarious actors.

Because of its centralized nature, it can also be prone to corruption. The process of launching a new consortium blockchain requires approval from the participants.

Cons Of Consortium Blockchain

A consortial blockchain is a form of distributed ledger that allows parties to share data and process transactions. It has the advantage of reducing the time and cost of building and maintaining a large database.

It can also be beneficial in the healthcare and financial industries. For instance, hospitals and insurance companies store massive amounts of data, and a consortium blockchain allows them to share this data without having to build their own database.

Another big advantage of a consortium blockchain is its multi-party consensus. This makes it immune to monopolies and enables members to modify or cancel transactions that might not be genuine.

Moreover, the validation of transactions and balances is done by known members of a small network of nodes, which removes the threat of 51 percent assaults. In addition, rule-breakers lose more than they gain by being dishonest.

Another significant advantage of a consortium blockchain is its ability to keep data private. Because the members of the consortium are a group of people, no single entity will be able to access it.

In addition to this, consortiums can work together to solve problems and contribute equally to the network. This allows for greater exposure and innovation in a collaborative environment.

Examples Of Consortium Blockchains

Consortium blockchains are permissioned and decentralized blockchain networks that are collectively managed by multiple organizations. These networks can be public or restricted to participants.

Examples of consortium blockchains include the CargoSmart Global Shipping Business Network and R3.

These blockchains offer a number of advantages over private blockchain networks, but also pose a number of logistical challenges and can invite antitrust accusations. Despite these challenges, there are many reasons to use consortium blockchains.

A consortium blockchain uses selected nodes to create transactions, and it can be public, private, or hybrid. The name “consortium” refers to the fact that the consensus process for such a blockchain is based on a group of participants. The participants are usually pre-approved nodes.

A consortium blockchain is an ideal choice for businesses with permission requirements. These blockchains enable users to choose an authority node in advance and access information securely.

There are several different types of consortium blockchains, but a few popular ones include Hyperledger and R3CEV.


Blockchains are distributed ledgers that can be public or private. They are more secure than other digital methods of storing information because of their decentralized authority and a limited number of users.

What are the differences between open and closed networks? Both can be used for the same purposes, but they have some differences. Open networks are more scalable and allow for a lot more nodes to validate transactions.

Closed networks, on the other hand, are more limited in number. Since the number of participants is smaller, they tend to be faster. Also, the limited number of nodes reduces the risk of corruption.

The speed of verification is another advantage of blockchains, making them more useful for organizations. Moreover, the limited number of participants in a blockchain makes it usable for multiple organizations.

In summary, there are roughly three major types of blockchains. The common public blockchain is typically used by cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin. The private blockchain is used mainly by companies to move data and record transactions.

The hybrid blockchain exists somewhere between public and private blockchains. Finally, the consortium blockchain is a way to share data among a group of development teams working together.